Jun 09 2016

Comet Coffee and Microbakery in Saint Louis, MO

Comet Coffee and Microbakery, St. Louis, MOAs with most cities, Saint Louis has a plethora of places to get a cup of coffee and some pastries or treats. The vast majority of those places are good, some of them are great, even fewer are exceptional standouts, and the top-tier is comprised of those that are truly remarkable. In my opinion, Comet Coffee and Microbakery finds its way into that heralded top tier. What determines whether or not a coffee shop or café earns that high of marks, you ask? Well, to some degree, that’s up to individual preference. For me, the criteria are:

  • A relaxing and inviting environment
  • Friendly and talented people
  • Exceptional food and beverage quality

First and foremost, I look for the environment that the coffee shop provides. Having a rather hectic work schedule, I like the idea of a place that I can go to unwind and just enjoy some of the more simplistic pleasures of life. Comet Coffee offers the small, intimate café-style setting that fits the bill for me. There are five or six individual tables and some longer benches inside, and a handful of tables outside on the front patio. Though the smaller space sometimes leads to crowding and a bit of a “hustle and bustle” feel, it doesn’t ever seem distracting. Also, during non-peak times, it tends to be quiet and peaceful.

Secondly, a café—or any other eatery, really—is about more than just the space itself. The employees make all the difference! At Comet Coffee, everyone is exceptionally talented in their craft, and it’s apparent that they deeply care about not only the customers they’re serving, but also the food and drinks that they’re making!

Comet Coffee employee Gretchen making a latte
Gretchen starting a latte
Comet Coffee employee Daniel making a pour-over
Daniel making a pour-over coffee

Thirdly, it should go without say that the food and drink quality are incredibly important factors for any café. At Comet, the coffee choices are seemingly limitless, so there are options that will satisfy any taste. Just in pour-overs alone, there are several different roasters (like Kuma, Sweet Bloom, Intelligentsia, Saint Louis’s own Blueprint, and others), from whom Comet offers an ever-changing list of varieties based on region (South American, African, et cetera). In addition to the pour-overs, there are many of the other coffee shop standards like lattes, espressos, macchiatos, cappuccinos, flat whites, and so on. Coffee’s not your thing? That’s fine too because they have an excellent and extensive selection of teas, ranging from the standard blacks, whites, and Darjeelings, to less common Oolongs, and my personal favourite green tea— the Genmaicha, which combines the delicate green tea flavours with toasted rice.

Comet Coffee's extensive tea selection

So between the coffees, espressos, and teas, you shouldn’t have any problem finding a beverage for any occasion or mood. But it isn’t just called “Comet Coffee”, it’s “Comet Coffee and Microbakery.” Though it almost sounds like an afterthought to the coffee, I assure you that the pastries and other baked goods share the stage as costars, and ones that often steal the show! There really isn’t a way for me to describe them that will do them justice. As someone who follows a rather rigid eating regimen, I won’t settle for anything less than stellar desserts and treats. That said, I’ve been blown away by every… single… one of them.


Comet Coffee Microbakery - Oat Cookies
Oat Cookies
Comet Coffee Microbakery - Strawberry Rhubarb Pie
Strawberry Rhubarb Pie
Comet Coffee Microbakery - Strawberry and Chocolate Ganache Macarons
Strawberry & Chocolate Ganache Macarons
Comet Coffee Microbakery - Buckwheat Muffin - Strawberry and Pistachio
Buckwheat muffin – Strawberry & Pistachio
Comet Coffee Microbakery - Tomato, Basil, and Mozzerella Quiche
Tomato, Basil, & Mozzerella Quiche
Comet Coffee Microbakery - Chocolate Chip Cookies and Cocoa Nibblers
Chocolate Chip Cookies & Cocoa Nibblers

You should definitely click on each image to view them in full size

Though I like essentially all of the treats, I do have my favourites. I tend to get the Oat Cookies most often because they are simple and fulfilling. One time, though, I went to Comet on a Sunday afternoon and the only thing left was a Buckwheat Muffin. Knowing that they simply don’t make any bad pastries, I went for it. Little did I know that it would become my absolute favourite! The baked goods vary with the availability of seasonal and local ingredients. For instance, the spring iteration of the Buckwheat Muffin is Strawberry Pistachio, but the previous one (which was insanely delicious) was Milk Chocolate & Hazelnut (think Nutella done in the best possible way). 🙂

One other testament to the quality of the treats is that Comet makes a few items that I have never liked anywhere else. For instance, I’m not a big fan of scones because they tend to be dry and often have the texture of coarse-grit sandpaper. However, the Lemon Poppy seed Scone and the Pear, Walnut & Goat Cheese Scone are both moist and satisfying. Likewise, I don’t really think much of Macarons, because they’re so light. These ones, however, have some substance to them and don’t make me think of overpriced cotton candy.

Okay, so now that I’ve sold you on Comet’s drinks and baked goods, here’s a little background about this great place. I recently had the opportunity to sit down with owners Mark and Stephanie, and talk with them about Comet’s past, current endeavours, and their future plans.


Coffee is about subtle nuances, and it can be continually improved upon. With all those nuances, I like it when one particular flavour note pops out.–Mark


Comet Coffee first opened its doors in August of 2012, and Mark immediately started renovating in order to align the space with his visions for the perfect shop. He and his fiancée Stephanie had worked together at Kaldi’s Coffee beforehand, but were inspired to open their own place. Between the two of them—Mark holding a degree in Economics, and Stephanie with degrees in both Hotel & Restaurant Management as well as Baking & Pastry Arts—the decision to foray into the industry together seemed like a given.

Mark had originally anticipated calling the shop “Demitasse,” after the small Turkish coffee cup by the same French name. Stephanie, though, did some research on the area of Saint Louis in which the shop is located (where the Forest Park Highlands amusement parks used to stand), and eventually found out about The Comet roller coaster. The name pays homage to those parks, and may have even been a little hopeful foreshadowing that the shop would become a well-established staple of the community.

When asked what separates Comet from other coffee shops, Mark readily mentioned that they themselves do not roast their own beans. He explained that doing so “requires purchasing [beans] in large quantities,” and that would disallow them from varying the coffee choices day-to-day. Similar to Mark’s comment about the quest of continuously improving the coffee experience, Stephanie indicated that the key to baking is to constantly modify the recipe based on the freshest available ingredients.


There are no compromises when baking. You must be meticulous with measurements, and you have to taste throughout the process to make adjustments.–Stephanie


Mark and Stephanie are currently in the process of opening an ice cream and bake shop in the Kirkwood area, and plan on carrying many of those items at Comet as well. Looking further to the future, Mark would like to open a doughnut shop where everything is made to order. His rationale—which, being a doughnut connoisseur myself, I find to be completely sound—is that everything fried needs to be as fresh as possible.

I, for one, can’t wait to try the new ice creams that Mark and Stephanie will offer in their Kirkwood location. For now, though, I will continue to enjoy the outstanding brews and unparalleled pastries at Comet Coffee. It has become a weekly go-to spot for me, and one that I look forward to greatly for unwinding after those difficult “Monday through Friday” stretches.

Comet Coffee Macchiato and seltzer
Macchiato and Seltzer
Comet Coffee pour-over brew
Pour-over brew


P.S. No time to leisurely enjoy the excellent café atmosphere? No worries, at least grab one to go. It will definitely beat what you can get from any of those chain coffee shops. 🙂

Comet Coffee to-go cup

May 24 2016

Graduating Class – The New Yorker – 30 May 2016

Today I saw the cover of the 30 May 2016 edition of The New Yorker, which was designed by artist R. Kikuo Johnson, and it really hit home for me. The illustration depicts the graduating class of 2016 walking out of their commencement ceremony whilst a member of the 2015 graduating class is working as a groundskeeper:

Graduating Class 2016 - The New Yorker - R. Kikuo Johnson
Click for full quality

I won’t go into a full tirade here about my thoughts of higher education within the United States throughout recent years, but I do think that this image sums up a few key points nicely:

  • Many graduates (either from baccalaureate or higher-level programmes) are not working in their respective fields of study
  • A vast majority of students have accrued a nearly insurmountable amount of debt
  • Those two points may be inextricably linked to one another

I know that, for me, I am not able to work in my field of study (child and adolescent development / elementary education) for those very reasons—the corresponding jobs (which I find incredibly rewarding), unfortunately, do not yield high enough salaries for me to even make ends meet. Though the cover artwork doesn’t necessarily offer any suggestion as to a solution to the problem, I think that it very poignantly brings further attention to it.


May 19 2016

FLAC encoding of WAV fails with error of unsupported format type 3

Whenever I purchase music from Bandcamp, SoundCloud, or other music sites that offer uncompressed, full-quality downloads (I can’t bring myself to download anything but original or lossless music files), I will always download the original WAV if it is offered. I prefer to keep the original copy around just in case, but usually I will put that on external storage, and use FLAC compression for actual listening (see my post comparing FLAC compression levels, if you’re interested).

Typically, my workflow for getting songs/albums ready is:

  • Purchase and download the full-quality WAV files
  • Rename them all according to my naming conventions
  • Batch convert them to FLAC using the command line (below)
  • Add in all the tags using EasyTag
  • Standardise the album artwork
  • Add the FLAC files to my playlists on my computers and audio server
  • Batch convert the FLACs to OGG Vorbis using a flac2all command (below) for my mobile and other devices with limited storage

It takes some time, but it’s something that I only have to do once per album, and it’s worth it for someone like me (read “OCD”). 😉 For good measure, here are the commands that I run:

Batch converting files from WAV to FLAC:
find music/wavs/$ARTIST/$ALBUM/ -iname '*.wav' -exec flac -3 {} \;
obviously replacing $ARTIST and $ALBUM with the name of the artist and album, respectively.

Batch converting files from FLAC to OGG using flac2all:
python2 flac2all_v3.38.py vorbis ./music/flac/ -v 'quality=7' -c -o ./music/ogg/

By the way, flac2all is awesome because it copies the tags and the album art as well. That’s a huge time saver for me.

Normally this process goes smoothly, and I’m on my way to enjoying my new music rather quickly. However, I recently downloaded some WAVs from SoundCloud and couldn’t figure out why I was coming up with fewer FLACs than WAVs after converting. I looked back through the output from the command, and saw the following error message on some of the track conversions:

05-Time Goes By.wav: ERROR: unsupported format type 3

That was a rather nebulous and obtuse error message, so I decided to investigate a file that worked versus these ones that didn’t:

File that failed:
$ file vexento/02-inspiration/05-Time\ Goes\ By.wav
RIFF (little-endian) data, WAVE audio, stereo 44100 Hz

File that succeeded:
$ file vexento/02-inspiration/04-Riot.wav
RIFF (little-endian) data, WAVE audio, Microsoft PCM, 16 bit, stereo 44100 Hz

The differences are that the working files indicated “Microsoft PCM” and “16 bit.” The fix for the problem was rather simple, actually. I used Audacity (which is a fantastic piece of cross-platform, open-source software for audio editing), and just re-exported the tracks that were failing. Basically, open the file in Audacity, make no edits, and just go to File –> Export –> “Wav (Microsoft) signed 16 bit PCM”, which you can see in the screenshot below:

Using Audacity to fix FLAC to WAV unsupported format 3
Click to enlarge

Just like that, the problem was gone! Also, I noticed that the file size changed substantially. I’m used to a WAV being about 10MiB for every minute of audio. Before re-exporting these files, they were approximately 20MiB for every minute. So, this track went from ~80MiB to ~40MiB. 🙂

Hope that helps!


P.S. By the way, Vexento (the artist who released the tracks mentioned here) is amazingly fun, and I recommend that everyone give him a chance. He’s a young Norwegian guy (actually named Alexander Hansen) who creates a wide array of electronic music. Two tracks (that are very different from one another) that I completely adore are Trippy Love (upbeat and fun), and Peace (calming yet cinematic).

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